Thyroid disease is a variety of disorders or problems that occur in the thyroid gland. The gland located under the Adam's apple is responsible for regulating the various metabolic systems in the body so that its role is very important to us.

The performance of the thyroid gland is controlled by the brain. When the body has a thyroid deficiency or excess, the brain will stimulate the thyroid gland to adjust its performance to regain its hormone levels.

Causes of Thyroid Disease
The main types of thyroid disease are too high or low levels of the thyroid hormones in our bodies. This can be triggered by a variety of factors including:

    Problems with the pituitary gland in the brain.
    Thyroid gland is damaged for example due to radiation exposure.
    Influence of lithium medicine.
    Excessive iodine levels in the body.

Types of Thyroid Disease
Thyroid disease can be categorized into several types, including:

see also how to fix hormonal imbalance


Hypothyroidism is the condition of too little thyroxine hormone produced by the thyroid gland so that the body is deficient. This condition is more often experienced by women (especially elderly) and has common symptoms such as constipation, dry skin, fatigue, weight gain for no apparent reason, and more sensitive to cold.


If the thyroid gland produces excessive thyroid hormones in the body, you may experience overactive thyroid gland or hyperthyroidism. The disease is generally characterized by rapid or irregular heartbeat, sudden weight loss despite increased appetite, sweating, nervousness, and anxiety.


Thyroid disease is a swelling of the thyroid gland that generally causes a lump in the neck. In addition to the lumps that became the main symptoms, people with this disease can also experience changes in voice, difficulty breathing and swallowing, and a sense of tightness in the throat.

Thyroid nodules

Thyroid nodules are solid or water-filled lumps that arise in the thyroid gland. This lump can be a benign tumor or cyst. Thyroid nodules rarely cause symptoms so that they are generally only detected when sufferers undergo a general medical examination. But if the nodule grows large enough, this condition can cause difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing and pain in the throat.
If any of these symptoms you feel, you should immediately see a doctor for treatment can be done immediately.
Diagnosis of Thyroid Disease
The process of diagnosing the disease requires several detailed examination steps. These types of checks include blood tests, ultrasound, scans with radioactive isotopes, and biopsy through fine needle aspiration.